Missouri farmer profits from direct marketing, rotational grazing system performing well through severe drought
Like other livestock farmers trying to make a living in the grasp of a severe drought, Adam Boman was on the road to Kansas City in early August to market some of his cattle. But Boman, owner of Good Life Grass Farms, was only transporting the few cows he direct markets each month. The others were still back on the Lawrence County farm where he raises grass-fed beef in a rotational-grazing system that was still providing plenty of forage for his herd.
“Even through this summer, I shouldn’t have to feed any hay,” Boman said. “There is still plenty of fescue in the fields. It is still green, but has stopped growing for sure. But thus far we are getting enough rain here and there to where the warm-season grasses are continuing to grow.”
Boman said the combination of rotational grazing and direct marketing is profitable and also allows him time to care for his three young children when his wife Teresa is working. Teresa is an associate professor at Missouri Southern State University.
Boman, who also raises and direct markets grass-fed lambs, said the grazing system allows him to rotate 22 cattle through 13 permanent paddocks that can be turned into 26 with temporary fencing. The system allows him to manage the grass resource so that it does not get overgrazed and it builds in plenty of rest periods for the grass to recover.
After the Bomans purchased the farm in 2013, they applied for assistance from the USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) to convert the land along Clear Creek from cropland to pasture. Rita Mueller, NRCS resource conservationist, said NRCS’ financial and technical assistance helped the Bomans install a well, a pump plant, pipeline, water tanks, fencing and a windbreak, in addition to establishing non-toxic, novel endophyte tall fescue.
Boman left his job as a fisheries biologist in 2015 to devote more time to farming and to installing the practices in his Environmental Quality Incentives Program contract. He said that NRCS’ assistance greatly sped up his goal of leaving his job and fulfilling his dream of being a full-time grass farmer.
“We love projects like this because they improve the health of the soil and protect the quality of the water in the creek,” Mueller said. “And on top of that it feels nice being able to help people like Adam and Teresa enjoy the lifestyles they desire.”
Boman said the grazing system has allowed him to make three important management changes: evenly grazing half of the growth and leaving the other half; increasing days of rest between grazing; and keeping the animals only eating the high-energy grass tips during fast-growing periods in early fall and early spring.
He said these practices resulted in three key improvements to the grazing operation: creating more drought resilience, in part because accumulated grass cover from Spring keeps soil temperatures lower and helps retain soil moisture in the summer; growing more forage per acre while maintaining stock rates; and feeding much less hay.
“My stocking rate is 1.9 acres per animal unit. That is close to the typical stocking rate in my area. But the impressive part is how long we can graze without feeding hay,” Boman said. “By leaving grass behind you throughout the year, once winter hits you end up with a large amount of stockpiled grass that can be strip-grazed once grass stops growing. Last year we grazed through the dry spell in the fall all the way to January 5. Cutting down on hay usage makes the farm much more profitable.”
Boman said because last fall was dry, followed by a cold, wet spring, most of the livestock farmers in the area had to feed hay from early November until the end of April. On the other hand, he was grazing his herd again on March 7.
“We were feeding hay for two months versus six months,” he said. “That’s because healthier plants begin growing back a lot sooner. The key is to leave plenty of grass height throughout the growing season, to not brush hog or mow grass into the ground any time of the year, and to leave 4-6 inches of grass residual in the winter when you start feeding hay. Let the cows clean up the field when they start grazing in March. They will really go after that dead grass left from last year because they crave the fiber in March.”
Boman said he can’t imagine operating without his rotational-grazing system.
“People say ‘but you have to move them every day,’ but it only takes five minutes,” he said.
Boman, who grew up on a farm in the area, said he wondered when he was young if he could ever make a living at farming. He is learning that he can.
“The key is regenerative agriculture and direct marketing,” he said. “I learned that by direct marketing and not owning a lot of equipment, you can make a living off of agriculture.”
More information about the Bomans and Good Life Grass Farms is available at www.goodlifegrassfarms.com.